Occipital neuralgia affects your occipital nerves, which are located at the top of your spinal cord and end at the base of your neck, adjoining through the scalp. Occipital neuralgia occurs when these nerves are inflamed or damaged.
This neurological disorder can very easily be mistaken for a migraine or other forms of headaches, primarily because of similar symptoms. Interestingly, the occipital nerves have no motor function whatsoever. So the symptoms do not involve any motor deficits, only sensory.