Chronic Post Operative Pain

WHAT IS CHRONIC POST-OPERATIVE PAIN?

Chronic post-operative pain is an extremely serious complication and one of the most common types of problems that occur after surgery. Although there are no unanimous definitions of what exactly the complication is, experts believe that the pain is primarily associated with an abrupt inhibition of daily activities, excessive analgesic use, a reduction in the quality of life and an increased dependency on healthcare utilization.

WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF CHRONIC POST-OPERATIVE PAIN?

Unfortunately, the causes of Chronic Post-Operative Pain, which is also known as CPSP and postoperative pain are not yet accurately discovered and understood. However, a majority of medical experts unanimously agree on a few of the potential triggers of CSPS, which include:

  • Damage to Peripheral nerve during surgery
  • Wound inflammation after surgery
  • Damage to bodily tissues during surgery
ARE THERE ANY RISK FACTORS OF CHRONIC POST-OPERATIVE PAIN?

There isn’t much research directed towards accurately realizing the risk factors associated with Chronic Post-Operative Pain. However, there are some elements that may predispose a select group of people to developing Chronic Post-Operative Pain. And these elements can include:

  • Patient’s history of chronic pain complications
  • Whether or not the individual suffers with depression or anxiety
  • If the individual has an overwhelming fear of surgery
  • Pre-operative pain
  • Extensive surgical procedures
ARE THERE TREATMENTS AVAILABLE FOR CHRONIC POST-OPERATIVE PAIN?

Fortunately, there are treatments available to help you combat Chronic Post-Operative Pain. Medical professionals prescribe varying types of pain management medications, which may include;

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, for example, naproxen and ibuprofen
  • Acetaminophen (minimizing over all pain)
  • Tramadol and other types of opioids (to lower pain levels and help comfort you in case of extreme pain)
  • Anticonvelsants (to minimize neuropathic pain)
  • Antidepressants (to combat anxiety, depression after surgery and help improve sleep)
  • Interventional Treatments – this may include joint injections, nerve blocks, spinal cord stimulator implants, radiofrequency ablation and more.