What is the superior hypogastric plexus? The superior hypogastric plexus refers to the bundle of nerves and nerve branches that provide innervation to the organs of the pelvis. The organs innervated by the superior hypogastric plexus include the bladder, urethra, uterus, vagina, vulva, perineum, prostrate, penis, testes, rectum, and descending colon. The superior hypogastric plexus is…

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The sacroiliac joint is the joint where the bottom section of the spine called the sacrum joins the pelvis (the ilium, commonly referred to as hip bones). A sacroiliac joint injection is a procedure where a mixture of numbing medications is used to block pain signals from emanating from the nerves in this area. Thousands…

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If a procedure requires a spinal puncture (such as a spinal tap or lumbar epidural) one complication that may arise is a headache. Headache is a result of leaking cerebrospinal fluid (CFS) from the site of injection. Your Chicago pain doctor may recommend an epidural blood patch to correct spinal headache from low fluid pressure…

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In Facet Syndrome the cartilage on these joint surfaces has deteriorated to the point where friction between the joints causes swelling, tenderness and pain. Often nerve impingement also occurs. Facet syndrome can occur anywhere throughout the spine but occurs most often (approximately 55% of cases) in the cervical (neck) vertebrae, and 31% of cases occur…

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Medial branch blocks A medial branch block is a procedure that is used primarily as a diagnostic tool, although it may also be used therapeutically to treat chronic pain. It involves injecting numbing medications (a mixture of a local anesthetic and a corticosteroid) into an area near the spine intended to target the medial branch nerves…

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What is Hip Pain? The hips are single largest support structure in the body, as they hold the entire torso upright. Located where the femur meets the pelvic socket, the hip joint is similar to other joints in that it is surrounded with protective cartilage. If this cartilage becomes worn down such as with age, or…

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